The No Child Left Behind Act, otherwise known as NCLB, was a law created by President George W. Bush in 2002. Originally, this act was called the “Elementary and Secondary Education Act.” And later got renamed the “Every Student Succeeds Act” (ESSA). This act helped the federal government hold schools accountable for their students’ success, while also providing funding. NCLB was created to “close the achievement gap between the poor and rich” and to give them equal opportunity. It allowed education to be equal across all playing fields. The law helped non-English speakers, students in the Special Education realm, and those from low-income and minority families. The act makes sure schools are putting effort into every child’s education by requiring standardized tests and implementing programs in thier schools. This act reformed the education system in the U.S.